What Led To India’s Export Ban, Will Prices Fall Now?


The authorities has banned the export of wheat with rapid impact with a view to management meals costs within the home market. The each day common retail worth of wheat has elevated 19.34 per cent to Rs 29.49 per kg on May 9, in contrast with Rs 24.71 per kg a 12 months in the past. Here’s why the federal government has banned wheat export and whether or not its costs will come down now:

Why Has The Govt Banned Wheat Export?

According to the patron affairs, meals & public distribution ministry, the choice to limit wheat exports will management meals costs, strengthen the meals safety of India and international locations dealing with a deficit, and that India stays a dependable provider as it’s honoring all contracts.

International wheat costs have been going up. Since the start of the Russia-Ukraine warfare, world wheat costs have thus far elevated over 40 per cent. Before the warfare, Ukraine and Russia accounted for a 3rd of worldwide wheat and barley exports. Wheat from different international locations was promoting as excessive as USD 420-480 per tonne.

Food Secretary Sudhanshu Pandey has mentioned retail costs of wheat and wheat flour in India have risen up to now 12 months by as much as 19 per cent, and the federal government’s resolution to ban wheat export is predicted to chill down the home costs in per week or so.

The each day common retail worth of wheat has elevated by 19.34 per cent to Rs 29.49 per kg on May 9 in contrast with Rs 24.71 per kg within the year-ago interval. Similarly, retail atta costs have shot up by 14.27 per cent to Rs 32.91 per kg from Rs 28.8 per kg within the comparable interval, based on a report by information company PTI quoting Joint Secretary within the Food Ministry Subodh Kumar.

In the wholesale market too, the each day common worth of wheat rose 21.55 per cent to Rs 25.82 per kg on May 9 in contrast with Rs 21.24 per kg within the year-ago interval, whereas atta worth rose 15.88 per cent to Rs 27.89 per kg from 24.06 per kg within the comparable interval, the report added.

The nation’s wheat manufacturing has been revised decrease to 105-106 million tonnes for the 2022-23 crop 12 months (July-June) from an earlier estimate of 111 million tonnes, as a consequence of heatwave, particularly in northwestern India.

Pandey has mentioned the choice will certainly assist in softening the costs. However, it is not going to be doable to foretell how a lot costs will fall. “But, the domestic prices will no doubt cool down in a week or so,” he mentioned on the sidelines of the press convention.

The meals secretary has mentioned, as reported by PTI, “Global demand was rising and different countries were putting restrictions. Sentiments were driving prices. We are quite confident, now also the sentiments will push down the prices.”

Is there Any Exemption?

The ban has some exemptions. The authorities has allowed wheat shipments with legitimate irrevocable letters of credit score (LoC) issued on or earlier than the date of the notification. The nation has contracted for the export of 4.5 million tonnes of wheat thus far this fiscal. Out of which, 1.46 million tonnes was exported in April, as per the official information.

The authorities mentioned that exports might nonetheless happen if New Delhi accepted a request by different governments “to meet their food securities needs”.

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