Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment of Mosquito-borne Disease

NATIONAL DENGUE DAY 2022: Every May 16, National Dengue Day is noticed to unfold consciousness concerning the vector-borne illness. The marketing campaign was began by the Union Health and Family Welfare Ministry. Dengue fever is a painful and incapacitating mosquito-borne illness brought on by any of 4 carefully associated Aedes species. These mosquitoes carry viruses that trigger West Nile Virus sickness and yellow fever.

Dengue causes a variety of illnesses. This can vary from subclinical illness – the place persons are unaware that they’re contaminated– to extreme flu-like signs in those that are troubled. Severe dengue has a better danger of mortality if not handled correctly.

Every 12 months, an estimated 400 million dengue infections happen worldwide, with round 96 million leading to extreme illness. The majority of cases happen in tropical components of the world.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Mild dengue signs could be mistaken for different infections that produce fever, aches, pains, or a rash.

Symptoms, which generally seem 4 to 6 days after an infection and may persist as much as ten days, could embody:

  • High fever with no warning
  • Extensive complications
  • Back of the attention ache
  • The joint and muscular ache that’s excruciating
  • Fatigue or nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash that emerges two to 5 days after fever begins

Prevention of Dengue Fever

The greatest technique to stop the illness is to keep away from mosquito bites, particularly if you happen to dwell in or go to a tropical local weather. This entails taking precautions and making makes an attempt to scale back the mosquito inhabitants. These mosquitos usually lay eggs close to standing water in water-holding containers akin to buckets, bowls, animal dishes, flower pots, and vases. It is greatest to keep away from storing standing water round.

Treatment of Dengue Fever

The FDA approved Dengvaxia, a vaccine, in 2019 to assist forestall the illness in adolescents aged 9 to 16 who’ve already been contaminated with dengue. However, there may be presently no vaccination out there to guard most people from catching it.

If you think you’ve got dengue fever, take ache cures containing acetaminophen, generally called paracetamol, and keep away from aspirin-containing drugs. You must also calm down and eat plenty of water to remain hydrated.

Severe dengue fever is a medical emergency. It necessitates fast medical consideration in a clinic or hospital, if not taken significantly it might be deadly.

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