Monkeypox virus outbreak: The World Health Organization (WHO) on Wednesday (July 27, 2022) mentioned that there have been greater than 18,000 circumstances of monkeypox reported globally from 78 nations, with the bulk in Europe, and requested the at-risk males to “reduce their number of sexual partners”.
At a media briefing, WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus mentioned that thus far, 98% of monkeypox circumstances exterior the nations in Africa the place the virus is endemic have been reported in males who’ve intercourse with males. He urged that group to think about decreasing the variety of new sexual companions and swapping contact particulars with any new companions.
“More than 18,000 cases of monkeypox have now been reported to WHO from 78 countries, with more than 70% of cases reported from the European Region, and 25% from the Region of the Americas,” he mentioned.
“So far, five deaths have been reported, and about 10% of cases are admitted to hospital to manage the pain caused by the disease,” Tedros added.
Monkeypox virus outbreak could be stopped
The WHO chief mentioned that the monkeypox virus outbreak could be stopped, if nations, communities and people inform themselves, take the dangers severely, and take the steps wanted to cease transmission and defend susceptible teams.
“The best way to do that is to reduce the risk of exposure. That means making safe choices for yourself and others. For men who have sex with men, this includes, for the moment, reducing your number of sexual partners, reconsidering sex with new partners, and exchanging contact details with any new partners to enable follow-up if needed,” Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus mentioned.
The #monkeypox The outbreak could be stopped if nations, communities and people inform themselves, take the dangers severely, and take the steps wanted to cease transmission and defend susceptible teams.pic.twitter.com/7CumPFyPhc— Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (@DrTedros) July 27, 2022
The focus for all nations have to be participating and empowering communities of males who’ve intercourse with males to cut back the danger of an infection and onward transmission, to offer look after these contaminated, and to safeguard human rights and dignity, he added.
How apprehensive ought to we be about monkeypox world well being emergency?
The quickly spreading monkeypox outbreak constitutes a worldwide well being emergency, declared final week by WHO director-general. First recognized in monkeys, the virus is transmitted mainly by way of shut contact with an contaminated individual.
Until this yr, the viral illness has not often unfold exterior Africa the place it’s endemic. But studies of a handful of circumstances within the United Kingdom in early May signaled that the outbreak had moved into Europe.
How harmful is monkeypox illness?
Monkeypox is a virus that usually causes gentle signs together with fever, aches, and pus-filled pores and skin lesions. People are likely to get well inside two to 4 weeks, in accordance with the WHO.
Anyone can unfold the virus, however the present outbreak exterior of Africa is concentrated nearly completely amongst males who’ve intercourse with males.
Monkeypox spreads primarily by way of intimate skin-to-skin contact, normally with somebody who has an lively rash, in addition to by way of contact with contaminated garments or bedding. It isn’t as simply transmitted because the SARS-CoV-2 virus that spurred the COVID-19 pandemic.
“COVID is spread by the respiratory route and is highly infectious. This doesn`t appear to be the case with the monkeypox,” mentioned Dr. Martin Hirsch of Massachusetts General Hospital.
The threat of monkeypox is average globally, besides in Europe, the place the WHO has deemed the danger as excessive.
Why is monkeypox outbreak an emergency?
Health officers from a number of nations had urged the WHO to label monkeypox a public well being emergency of worldwide concern because of the fast escalation of circumstances and considerations it might turn out to be endemic in additional nations.
The emergency declaration goals to spur world motion and collaboration on every little thing from testing to the manufacturing and distribution of vaccines and coverings.
The fatality price within the previous monkeypox outbreaks in Africa of the pressure at present spreading has been round 1%, however thus far this outbreak seems to be much less deadly within the non-endemic nations, lots of which have stronger healthcare infrastructure.
Scientists try to find out what brought on the preliminary spat of circumstances and whether or not something concerning the virus has modified. Increased world journey in addition to local weather change have usually accelerated the emergence and unfold of viruses, specialists say.
Infectious illness specialists say that years of monetary neglect have left sexual well being clinics – who’re on the frontline of the present monkeypox response – ill-prepared to curb the additional unfold.
How keep protected from monkeypox virus?
Health officers say that folks ought to keep away from shut private contact with somebody who has an sickness presenting with a particular rash or who’s in any other case unwell. People who suspect they’ve monkeypox ought to isolate and search medical care.
Health officers have additionally been providing monkeypox vaccines to high-risk people and those who have just lately been in shut contact with an contaminated individual.
Danish firm Bavarian Nordic An older vaccine, at present made by Emergent Biosolutions, is known as ACAM2000, however its uptake has been restricted on account of a extreme side-effect warning.
Bavarian Nordic says it may produce 30 million doses of its vaccines – together with the monkeypox one – every year and has tapped a US-based contract producer to extend monkeypox vaccine capability.
Is there a monkeypox therapy?
Monkeypox signs usually resolve on their very own inside weeks. Patients could obtain further fluids and extra therapy for secondary bacterial infections.
An antiviral agent referred to as tecovirimat – branded as TPOXX and made by SIGA Technologies – has US and EU approval for smallpox, whereas its European approval additionally contains monkeypox and cowpox.
(With company inputs)